Term Life Insurance Plans – What You Can Expect

In your efforts to seek the best life insurance plan for your family’s needs, you have probably come across a few term life insurance plans.

Here are a few things you can expect from most of the term life plans being offered these days.

First off, term life insurance is different from permanent. Primarily, it is only good for a certain period of time or a “term”; generally the term is from one year to thirty years.

All term life insurance plans must be renewed at the end of each term and the policy carries no actual cash value.

The death benefit reverts to the beneficiary, which pays a specified amount in the event of the death of the insured, in accordance with the particular plan.

With term life one of the main bonuses you can look forward to is the large quantity of affordable plans available, so you’re bound to find a plan that is ideal for your needs, although you should expect to shop around.

In fact get a number of quotes. As long as you “mix it up” and do your due diligence, you will certainly find the right plan for you. So always shop around and evaluate all of the info with care.

Be Sure To Get Multiple Quotes

If you go online, you’ll notice a bunch of articles that you can read that will answer some of your questions and fill in some-of- the blanks.

Also the insurance companies online “quote section” can help explain to you further how to get the process started.

It’s actually fairly easy to find affordable term life insurance plans and you’ll be pleasantly surprised at some of the low quotes you’ll see, especially when you compare it to some of the whole life quotes you’ll see that have costly monthly premiums that can be quite shocking at times!

Some Facts About High Risk Life Insurance Plans

A high risk life insurance plan is a special type of insurance designed for those people, who are exposed to risky jobs. For instance, jobs such as piloting plane, scuba diving, car racing, firefighting and stunt jobs are dangerous, as they always involve risk. People doing high-risk jobs often put their lives at risk. They thus require special life insurance packages as compared to people doing an ordinary 9 to 5 job. In addition, people fighting against diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart ailments and others can buy high risk life insurance plans. Such plans are specially customized to handle the risks involved. Life insurance provider calculates the risk factors by incorporating them into the plan. Generally, people buying high risk insurance pay higher premiums.

Some people carry an opinion that people buying impaired risk insurance plan have to shell more money to find very little or less in return. Although, it is not completely true. People buying such plans may have to shell more money in the form of premiums, but they too gain similar benefits as one gets in ordinary life insurance plan. Following are some facts about high risk life insurance plans:

  • Answer It Right: While asking for a plan, you need to answer some important questionnaires that decide whether you are a high risk customer or not. It is ideal to answer the questions in a straight and simple way. For instance, if rock climbing is your hobby and not profession, then you may avoid talking about it during the questionnaire rounds. Such answers may confuse insurance providers while calculating the risks related to your plan.
  • Specialized Brokers: Always choose specialized broker while choosing an insurance. They are well equipped with knowledge on right policies, which would help you reap all the benefits from the plan. Their advices are indispensable and might help you in saving unnecessary premiums.
  • Beware of NSR: Some providers offer Non-Standard Rates (NSR) to people with high risks. These rates are considerably lower than what you might expect. It is ideal to compare quotes from different life insurance providers before investing in a plan. In addition, you may take help from specialized brokers.
  • Clinical Medical Underwriting: Choose quotes from providers that stick to using up-to-date methods for calculating risks in a plan. Some insurance providers use old formulas while calculating the risks. Clinical medical underwriting is a fair concept, which takes possibilities of modern treatment and facilities in curing your existing disease. This helps dissolve the risks in your plan.
  • Online Quotes: There are different impaired risk insurance plans available over Internet. You may use a good search engine to locate and compare online quotes from online high-risk insurance providers.
  • Limited death benefit: Most people are aware that risk factor plays an important role in deciding the premium rates of your plans. Owing to higher risks, you may require to pay more money as compared to ordinary plans. Also very high risk offer limited death benefits as compared to low risk plans.

Are You Looking For Inexpensive Life Insurance? Consider These Life Insurance Plans

If you are looking for cheap or affordable life insurance, you don’t need to do too much calculation to get what you want. If you need cheap life insurance online all you need to do to get the insurance quote that will fit your pocket is to know how much you want to put aside for your life insurance either monthly or yearly.

Here is the best way to get the best insurance cover and pay a cheap rate for your coverage. There are so many life insurance plans; you can choose the plan that best fits your financial plan. There are three major types of plans you can that choose from. You can either choose the term life insurance, whole life insurance or a universal life plan.

All of these types of insurance coverage are OK if you know how to maximize the use of your plan. Usually the universal life coverage is more expensive but that does not mean that it is the best. The best type of life plan is the plan that covers your most needed risk. Term life plans are usually the cheapest of these three types of insurance plan. If you want cheap insurance cover, you can choose a term insurance plan and maximize the use of this plan to the fullest and get the best of service for your life coverage.

Normally if you choose the term life assurance, you will save some money. Wise people invest in IRAs or other securities with that you will earn more money than the interest your whole life cover plan will give you within the same period of time. You can buy term life plan and pay less for your cover. But it is wise to buy your term life insurance with the company that will allow you to extend your time when necessary.

Leading insurance companies are always ready to do business. They will gladly give you discounts and free professional consultation services just to make you a happy customer.

A Guide to Business Insurance for UK Marine Trades

Introduction

Insurance solutions for businesses operating in the Marine Leisure Sector have been slow to evolve compared to other sectors. Until relatively recently, a boatyard owner could find him/herself having to source a suite of insurance products to cover buildings, contents, financial risks, vessels, pontoons and indemnity against a range of legal liabilities. Whilst the first Marine Traders “Combined” policy that provided cover for all these risks appeared in the late 1990s, the market did not rush to embrace the new paradigm. Some significant providers of insurance in this Sector did not release a “Combined” solution until as late as 2007 and others still only offer stand-alone covers.

Advantages of Combined Insurance Policies

There are numerous advantages to business owners of having a single insurance policy that combines cover in respect of the majority of their needs. First and foremost it streamlines administrative processes by reducing documentation considerably, thus saving business owners time and money. It also ensures the owner has a single renewal date to deal with. Probably the main benefit to businesses is the potential premium savings that can be made through this type of system: the more cover that can be placed on a single policy gives the provider more scope to reduce the overall insurance premium.

Marine Trades Insurance Providers

Combined Insurance policies for marine-related businesses are now available from a number of specialist providers. Whilst the majority of these providers will deal direct with the public, some will deal only through insurance brokers. An insurance provider that sells direct to the public will only offer their own product. Dealing directly with insurers not only restricts you in terms of available insurance options, it also means you have to invest valuable time in shopping around providers for competitive quotations. An independent specialist Marine Trades Insurance broker can potentially save you and your business time and money by conducting a full broking exercise across the market on your behalf.

Specialist brokers can also assist in arranging bespoke cover as opposed to a standard “off-the-peg” solution. This can give your business vital benefits where standard policy exclusions are amended or removed, widening the overall scope of protection. You may also benefit in the event of a claim:

  • Where a business buys direct from an insurer, in the event of a claim the owner is left to negotiate a settlement from the insurer. This can put the business at a disadvantage where there is a dispute over liability or settlement. Using an independent specialist broker to arrange cover provides the business owner with an experienced advocate in the event of suffering a claim. The broker is bound to act in the best interests of the client at all times and a specialist broker can often assist in instances where claims have initially been repudiated.

Structure of Marine Combined Insurance Policies

Before outlining the structure of a policy it is necessary to stress the importance of ensuring that the correct limits of indemnity form the basis of your insurance cover. It is tempting for businesses seeking to reduce their costs to deliberately underinsure their businesses. This can potentially prove catastrophic in the event of a loss, as an insurer will almost certainly invoke the principle of “Average” when underinsurance is discovered.

  • The Principle of Average: In the event of underinsurance any claim settlement will be based on the ratio of the sum insured to actual value. For example, where a business has insured stock worth £100,000 for only £50,000, the business has underinsured by 50%. In the event of a loss of £25,000, the insurer will apply average and only pay a settlement of £12,500.

The example above underlines the importance for businesses to establish the correct basis of cover with their provider and then negotiate a competitive premium. An independent specialist broker with access to a number of alternative markets will help you obtain the right solution at the best available premium.

Marine Trades Combined Insurance policies generally follow the same model, with the odd exception as to where a particular item may appear. For example, some policies will include pontoons in the Material Damage Section whilst others may bracket them in the Marine Section. Outlined below is a typical policy structure:

  • Material Damage: This Section will cover all property other than vessels at your business premises. It is split into various sub-sections that vary from provider to provider, but the splitting of property into these sub-sections enables you to benefit from lower premium rates on the lower risk items to be covered. Typically, a Material Damage Section will be divided as follows:

  • Buildings (with or without subsidence cover)
  • Marine Installations (pontoons, slipways, wet/dry docks etc)
  • Computers and Associated Equipment (at the business’ premises)
  • Machinery and Equipment (at the business’ premises)
  • General Stock (at the business’ premises)
  • Valuable & Attractive Stock (at the business’ premises)
  • All Other Contents (at the business’ premises)
  • Glass: Some insurers will include Glass within the cover for Buildings. However, most Marine Trade insurers will not cover Glass unless specifically requested and will also levy an additional premium. Cover will be provided for external and internal glass with additional extensions available for items such as glass signage and sanitary ware.

  • All Risks Cover: Must be obtained for businesses wishing to insure items they remove from the business’ premises such as:
  • Tools & Machinery
  • Laptop Computers, Mobile ‘Phones etc
  • Trailers (thease can also be covered under the Marine Section)
  • Frozen Food: Covers loss or damage to fuel resulting from change in temperature in fridges or freezers resulting from breakdown or interruption to power supply.

  • Goods in Transit: Protects against loss of goods whilst in transit or whilst temporarily stored in the course of transit. Business owners need to beware of the variation in scope of cover from policy to policy and of the plethora of exclusions that each insurer applies to cover.

  • The premium for Goods in Transit insurance is based on a combination of the total sum insured per vehicle, the number of vehicles used and the estimated total annual carryings of the business.

  • This Section can also be extended to insure postal sendings and carriage by third parties.

  • Goods in Transit cover for vessels is excluded on many policies unless specifically mentioned. However, it is possible to include insurance for vessels whilst in transit by endorsing the Marine Section of the policy. Organising a policy in this way can save a business money if vessels are the only items to be insured whilst in transit.

  • Exhibitions: Covers exhibits, stands and other materials at exhibitions.

  • Whilst insurers include this Section within their policies, a business could reduce costs by having the Marine Section of their policy endorsed to cover vessels at exhibitions rather than pay their insurers an additional premium for the same benefit.

  • Business Interruption: Covers the loss of Gross Profit and/or the Additional Cost of Working in the event of the trading activities of a business being interrupted by an insured peril, such as fire or flood. Extensions can be purchased to cover losses arising from perils such as:

  • Breach of Canal
  • Damage in the vicinity of Premises or to Contract or Exhibition Sites
  • Denial of Access to the vicinity of Premises
  • Damage to Moulds, Patterns, Jigs, Dies, Tools, Plans, Designs, etc
  • Loss or Damage to Property stored in locations other than own premises
  • Loss or Damage to Property in Transit
  • Damage to Premises of Suppliers or Customers
  • Loss of Utilities
  • Disease & Illness

  • Just as it is essential to insure property on the correct basis to avoid insurers applying “Average” in the event of a claim, it is vital to ensure the correct level of Gross Profit is used to determine Business Interruption cover.

  • The definition of Gross Profit in insurance terminology differs from that of accountancy. A business should always check with its provider as to the exact terms of their Business Interruption policy but the procedure below provides a general system that should fit most insurers’ methodology:

  • Obtain the income statement for the last full operating month and locate the net profit amount.
  • Employers Liability Tracing Office

  • Review each individual expense line item on the income statement to identify costs of operation that are not directly related to production, also referred to as “standing charges.” For example, office rent is due whether the business is in operation or not, and the price does not fluctuate based on production, whereas some worker salaries (such as casual, seasonal labour) would cease when trading is interrupted.
  • Employers Liability Tracing Office

  • Add each standing expense identified in Step 2 to the net profit obtained in Step 1 to obtain gross profit, or the company’s loss from lack of operations.

  • Money: Provides insurance for cash, cheques etc whilst on premises, in transit or in bank night safes. Some policies will also provide extensions for money in directors’ homes and at exhibition or contract sites. Policies will usually provide a Personal Accident extension that offers nominal sums in the event of Death or Disability arising from assault during attempted robbery or theft.

  • Defective Title of Vessels: Reimburses the purchase price of a vessel bought or sold by a business in the event of the true owner of the vessel reclaiming it (or its value). It will also provide indemnity where a business has a valid claim brought against it as a result of being unable to provide good title for the vessel.

  • Employers Liability: It is a statutory requirement for all businesses to carry Employers Liability Insurance where they employ people be it on a paid or voluntary basis. It indemnifies the business in respect of its liabilities arising from death, injury or illness to its employees

  • Premium is based on the total annual wages of the business. Each occupation within a business’ workforce will attract its own premium rating based on the perceived hazards associated with that particular occupation. A rigger, for example, will attract a higher premium rating than an employee engaged in light yard work.

  • You should ensure you accurately declare your annual wageroll to insurers. Deliberately under-declaring could be construed as failing to disclose a material fact and may result in a claim being repudiated.

  • Labour only sub-contractors should be treated as Employees as far as insurance is concerned. Generally they work under the direction of the Insured and do not provide their own materials or tools (with the exception of small hand tools). Cover would therefore be arranged for such individuals by the hiring business under the Employers Liability Section of their policy.

  • There is a requirement that businesses must confirm their Employers Reference Number (ERN) or as it is commonly known Employers PAYE Reference to the insurer covering the Employers Liability which is recorded centrally with the Employers Liability Tracing Office (ELTO). This is to ensure that the correct insurer can be identified where claims are submitted by an individual, which can be years after their employment has ceased. It is not unusual, for example, for certain diseases or conditions such as respiratory disease, industrial deafness or repetitive strain injury to take many years to manifest.

  • The ERN is the unique reference which attaches to a business and does not change which means that it will identify the correct employer and then the insurer for any given time period from 2011 onwards.

  • Public Liability: Indemnifies your legal liabilities to third parties arising from your business activities that result in death or injury to any person or loss of or damage to property. The insurance only attaches to those activities disclosed to your insurer and noted on your schedule so it is essential that a full description of all your business activities is provided.

  • Premium is based on the estimated annual turnover of the business. Each activity will attract its own premium rating based on the perceived hazards associated with that particular activity. Paint Spraying, for example, will attract a higher premium rating than Chandlery Sales.
  • You should ensure you accurately declare your annual turnover. Deliberately under-declaring could be construed as failing to disclose a material fact and may result in a claim being repudiated.

  • Exclusions and Extensions to Public Liability Insurance vary from insurer to insurer. For example, some policies will automatically provide Yachtyard Liability Insurance as a standard extension to their Public Liability cover. Others will charge an additional premium for Yachtyard Liability.

  • Liability in respect of hiring-in of cranes is normally excluded on most Marine Trade policies unless specifically requested. The additional premium for this cover is based on your estimated annual hiring-in costs. Standard cover is usually £100,000 which may not be adequate to replace the crane you hire. Find out what your exposures are and get your cover topped-up if necessary.

  • Yachtyard Liability: Protects your liabilities in respect of moving vessels on water for reasons such as testing, demonstration and deliveries. Like most policy sections, scope of cover will vary from insurer to insurer. For example, policies will restrict your permitted range, but distance you are permitted will vary greatly.

  • Not all insurers provide this cover under the “Yachtyard Liability” heading. Some insurers will provide “General Liability” that will automatically encompass the Yachtyard Liability element of other policies.

  • Products Liability: Insures your legal liabilities in respect of the products you manufacture and/or supply.

  • Whether you are manufacturing or distributing (wholesale or retail), you need to make sure the products you supply are safe. Failing to meet your responsibilities can have serious consequences. You could face legal action with possible fines or even imprisonment. You could also be sued by anyone who has been injured or has suffered damage to personal property as a result of using your product.

  • Products Efficacy Insurance: Designed to cover the failure of an item to perform its intended function Efficacy Insurance is often excluded from the Public & Products Liability Sections of Marine Trade policies. If your business is involved in the manufacture, supply or installation of performance critical products you need to check with your insurance provider to ensure you and your business have the right scope of Liability Insurance.

  • Marine Risks: Non-Marine Commercial policies have virtually no insurance provision for vessels. They are specifically excluded, with the odd exception such as rowing boats. The Marine Section of a specialist Trader’s policy is divide into 3 distinct parts:

  • 1. Vessels: This part of the Marine Section will cover all vessels not undergoing construction and includes Stock Vessels, Work Boats, your Private Craft and Charter Vessels. It can also be extended to cover other types of Marine Stock such as engines and parts.

  • Sums Insured for vessels are usually determined on an “Agreed Value” basis. This can be the price you paid for the vessel plus the cost of any improvements, or it can be a depreciated or written-down value.

  • The cruising range of your vessels will be clearly defined in this Section of your policy. You should check to ensure that you and your hirers are actually insured to sail or cruise to your intended destinations. For example, an insurer may assume that, if you are based on the Thames, you are only on the non-tidal stretch and will endorse your policy for”Inland Waterways” use only.

  • The are several extensions that can be purchased for this part of your policy such as:

  • Social use of vessels by Directors, Employees, Family Members.
  • Racing Risks (Sails, Masts, Spars & Rigging).
  • Water Skiing, Towing of Toys.
  • Angling and/or Diving Parties.
  • Personal Possessions

  • Exclusions in respect of vessels will vary from policy to policy. You should ask your provider to go over any exclusions with you in detail in case you require a special endorsement or extension.

  • 2. Builders Risks: Whilst scope and definitions may differ from one insurer to another, Builders Risks insurance will usually cover your vessel at the yard or dock where it is being constructed, including the yard or premises of a subcontractor. It may also cover the vessel whilst in transit between your yard and your subcontractor’s yard. Extensions can also be obtained to cover:

  • Movement of the vessel on water around the dock where it is being built.
  • Sea Trials
  • Delivery voyages under own power
  • If the vessel in build is being towed on the water a special extension is usually required to insure this activity.

  • The premium for this Section is based on a combination of the maximum completion value of an in-build vessel and the maximum value of vessels in-build at any one time.

  • 3. Marine Third Party Liability: This insurance is an extension of the Vessels Section and covers your legal liabilities in respect of your interest in or use of your vessels by your skipper and crew. The usual limit of indemnity provided is £3,000,000 but higher levels of cover can be purchased where required.

Policy Conditions, Exclusions and Warranties

As detailed above, policy conditions and exclusions will vary from insurer to insurer. Even if you are purchasing your policy by telephone you should always ask your provider to go through them with you in addition to any warranties that will have been imposed. There are significant differences between each of these:

  • Conditions: Policy conditions basically set out a code of conduct you’re your business and also outline duties and obligations required for cover to be in effect. If policy conditions are not met, the insurer can deny a claim specific to that condition.

  • Eg. A theft from a business premises is discovered and not reported to the insurer for a month. If there is a policy condition that all losses must be reported within 7 days, the insurer could refuse to pay the claim.

  • Exclusions: An exclusion actually removes cover from the insurance policy.

  • Eg. Boats are excluded from the Goods in Transit Section of a Marine Trades Policy unless an endorsement is put into effect.

  • Warranties: A policy warranty is an instruction by the insurer that must be carried out by the insured. For example, the business may be warranted to work on vessels worth no more than £500,000. In such a case, if the business worked on a more valuable vessel then it would be in breach of warranty.

  • The breach of a warranty by a business would enable an insurer to void the whole policy. In the above example, if the business owner suffered a theft of outboard engines, the insurer could void the policy on the grounds that the business had breached a warranty – even though that warranty was totally unrelated to the theft.

  • As you can see, warranties can potentially have a huge impact on your business. You should ensure your insurance provider goes through each warranty with you and explains what it means. Insurers can impose a warranty for just about anything – some common examples are below (the list is by no means comprehensive):

  • Compliance with Flammable Liquids & LPG Regulations.
  • No paint or GRP Spraying.
  • Automatic fire alarms to be tested weekly.
  • Fire extinguishers to be professionally inspected annually.
  • Fireproof doors to remain closed during working hours.
  • All stock to be kept at least 15cm off floor
  • Waste & dirty cloths to be kept in metal bins.
  • Waste bins to be kept outside premises out of working hours.
  • Intruder alarm to be set whenever premises is unoccupied.
  • Electrical circuits to be inspected within 30 days of policy inception.
  • Cash registers to be left empty & open when premises closed.
  • Vehicles to be fitted with immobilisers and alarms.
  • Premises to be inspected daily.
  • No artificial heating to be used on premises.
  • Machinery only to be running when premises is occupied.
  • No flammable liquids to be kept on premises.
  • Moorings to be lifted & inspected at least annually.
  • Terms of trade to incorporate BMF Terms of Business.
  • No work carried out on commercial vessels
  • Trailers to be secured with a wheelclamp whilst unattended.
  • Vessel not be let out for hire or reward.
  • Vessel will not tow or be towed

  • British Marine Federation (BMF) Terms of Business

  • Most Marine Trade policies warrant that you operate under BMF Terms of Business. You do not have to be a member of the BMF to use their terms. The essential point from an insurance aspect is that you ensure all your customers insure their own boats. This is a crucial factor that defines the mechanics of how your Public Liability insurance works and how it differs from non-Marine commercial insurance policies.

  • If you have a customer’s boat, outboard etc in your custody or control and it is lost or damaged due to your negligence, your legal liabilities in respect of the property are covered under the Public Liability Section of your Marine Trade policy.

  • This cover would not be provided on a non-Marine policy as legal liability in respect of goods in custody or control is specifically excluded. To insure these items you would have to procure specific insurance which, as leisurecraft and associated equipment are very expensive, would be financially prohibitive for a business to purchase.

Other Insurances for your Marine Trades Insurance Programme

Directors & Officers Liability Insurance (Management Protection)

Modern legislation now means company directors can now be sued as individuals in respect of their decisions and actions as directors or managers of businesses. The duties of company directors are established in law and include the following areas of responsibility:

  • Duty of Care: Directors are required to act with ‘the care an ordinary man would take in the same circumstances on his own behalf’ and with the skill expected from someone with his ‘particular knowledge and experience’. Where duties are delegated the Director is responsible for ensuring that the person to whom the duties are delegated is sufficiently experienced, reliable and honest.

  • Fiduciary Duty: Directors must act honestly, in good faith and in the best interest of the company and must ensure they do not have any conflict of interest.

  • Statutory Duty: Company directors are legally bound by legislation such as the Companies Act 1985, Insolvency Act 1986, Financial Services Act 1986, Environmental Protection Act 1990, Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

How Can Claims Arise?

Whilst public bodies such as the Health & Safety Executive can prosecute directors if they are perceived to have failed to comply with their statutory duties, claims could also arise from numerous third parties such as employees, creditors, customers or suppliers.

With the number of employees injured at work increasing by over 100,000 in 2010 and lawyers able to act on a “No-Win, No-Fee” basis, directors appear to be more exposed than ever.

What Are The Financial Implications of a Claim? Directors will be personally liable for meeting the cost of legal expenses as well as any damages awards, fines or penalties. This means assets such as their cars, houses, stocks and money could be lost. Companies are prohibited from indemnifying their directors in the event of their insolvency.

How Can Directors & Officers Liability Insurance Help?

Whilst a D&O policy will not cover any fines against directors it will cover the cost of defending a prosecution until the point when guilt is established. This could potentially save tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of pounds of an individual’s assets in legal expenses. A D&O policy can also cover awards for damages and legal expenses made against directors in civil cases.

Professional Indemnity Insurance

If you give advice, conduct surveys or inspections for a fee, your legal liabilities in respect of these activities are excluded on your Marine Trade policy. A stand-alone Professional Indemnity policy will fill the gap in your insurance cover.

Tractor & “Special Types” Insurance

Tractors and other special type vehicles which are road-registered are excluded from standard public liability policies, as are many unregistered vehicles, if travelling on, or crossing, public highways. This may also apply to areas where the public have access such as ports, harbours and boatyards. Types of vehicles that fit into this class are: Tractors, Cranes, Fork Lifts, Cherrypickers, Boat Lifts and other self-propelled mobile plant.

Third Party insurance is compulsory and a failure to have this basic cover is considered one of the most serious offences. A substantial fine and disqualification are amongst the recommended penalties.

Driving uninsured (or allowing your employees to do so) is an absolute offence which means there is no discretionary defence available, ie the vehicle is either insured or it is not. If, for any reason it is not insured, the offence is committed.

Without insurance your business and your personal assets are at risk from potentially huge compensation claims being made against you

Comprehensive Road Risks insurance in for tractors and “Special Types” is available at very competitive rates from your specialist broker.

Summary

Modern businesses need modern insurance programmes. Cutting cover to cut costs is not the solution. Your 9-point step to getting the right cover for your business at the best available premium is:

1. Choose an independent specialist broker.

2. Ask them what they can offer you in terms of support in the event of a claim.

3. Ask them to visit you to look over your business.

4. Ensure you fully disclose all relevant information about your business

5. Accurately assess the value of your premises & property and the levels of your turnover, payroll and gross profit.

6. Request 3 quotations.

7. Ensure you have all conditions, exclusions, warranties explained to you verbally – a written summary is not sufficient.

8. If you think some of the exclusions or warranties are unreasonable then ask your broker to negotiate their removal.

9. Finally, negotiate the best premium you can get from your appointed broker.

Disclaimer: This article does not constitute specific advice or recommendation to any individual or business. Individuals and businesses should seek the advice of an appropriately authorised and regulated insurance broker or intermediary.

How an Insurance Policy Works

Insurance is synonymous to a lot of people sharing risks of losses expected from a supposed accident. Here, the costs of the losses will be borne by all the insurers.

For example, if Mr. Adam buys a new car and wishes to insure the vehicle against any expected accidents. He will buy an insurance policy from an insurance company through an insurance agent or insurance broker by paying a specific amount of money, called premium, to the insurance company.

The moment Mr. Adam pay the premium, the insurer (i.e. the insurance company) issue an insurance policy, or contract paper, to him. In this policy, the insurer analyses how it will pay for all or part of the damages/losses that may occur on Mr. Adam’s car.

However, just as Mr. Adam is able to buy an insurance policy and is paying to his insurer, a lot of other people in thousands are also doing the same thing. Any one of these people who are insured by the insurer is referred to as insured. Normally, most of these people will never have any form of accidents and hence there will be no need for the insurer to pay them any form of compensation.

If Mr. Adam and a very few other people has any form of accidents/losses, the insurer will pay them based on their policy.

It should be noted that the entire premiums paid by these thousands of insured is so much more than the compensations to the damages/losses incurred by some few insured. Hence, the huge left-over money (from the premiums collected after paying the compensations) is utilized by the insurer as follows:

1. Some are kept as a cash reservoir.

2. Some are used as investments for more profit.

3. Some are used as operating expenses in form of rent, supplies, salaries, staff welfare etc.

4. Some are lent out to banks as fixed deposits for more profit etc. etc.

Apart from the vehicle insurance taken by Mr. Adam on his new vehicle, he can also decide to insure himself. This one is extremely different because it involves a human life and is thus termed Life Insurance or Assurance.

Life insurance (or assurance) is the insurance against against certainty or something that is certain to happen such as death, rather than something that might happen such as loss of or damage to property.

The issue of life insurance is a paramount one because it concerns the security of human life and business. Life insurance offers real protection for your business and it also provides some sot of motivation for any skilled employees who decides to to join your organization.

Life insurance insures the life of the policy holder and pays a benefit to the beneficiary. This beneficiary can be your business in the case of a key employee, partner, or co-owner. In some cases, the beneficiary may be one’s next of kin or a near or distant relation. The beneficiary is not limited to one person; it depends on the policy holder.

Life insurance policies exist in three forms:

• Whole life insurance

• Term Insurance

• Endowment insurance

Whole Life Insurance

In Whole Life Insurance (or Whole Assurance), the insurance company pays an agreed sum of money (i.e. sum assured) upon the death of the person whose life is insured. As against the logic of term life insurance, Whole Life Insurance is valid and it continues in existence as long as the premiums of the policy holders are paid.

When a person express his wish in taking a Whole Life Insurance, the insurer will look at the person’s current age and health status and use this data to reviews longevity charts which predict the person’s life duration/life-span. The insurer then present a monthly/quarterly/bi-annual/annual level premium. This premium to be paid depends on a person’s present age: the younger the person the higher the premium and the older the person the lower the premium. However, the extreme high premium being paid by a younger person will reduce gradually relatively with age over the course of many years.

In case you are planning a life insurance, the insurer is in the best position to advise you on the type you should take. Whole life insurance exists in three varieties, as follow: variable life, universal life, and variable-universal life; and these are very good options for your employees to consider or in your personal financial plan.

Term Insurance

In Term Insurance, the life of the policy-holder is insured for a specific period of time and if the person dies within the period the insurance company pays the beneficiary. Otherwise, if the policy-holder lives longer than the period of time stated in the policy, the policy is no longer valid. In a simple word, if death does not occur within stipulated period, the policy-holder receives nothing.

For example, Mr. Adam takes a life policy for a period of not later than the age of 60. If Mr. Adam dies within the age of less than 60 years, the insurance company will pay the sum assured. If Mr. Adam’s death does not occur within the stated period in the life policy (i.e. Mr. Adam lives up to 61 years and above), the insurance company pays nothing no matter the premiums paid over the term of the policy.

Term assurance will pay the policy holder only if death occurs during the “term” of the policy, which can be up to 30 years. Beyond the “term”, the policy is null and void (i.e. worthless). Term life insurance policies are basically of two types:

o Level term: In this one, the death benefit remains constant throughout the duration of the policy.

o Decreasing term: Here, the death benefit decreases as the course of the policy’s term progresses.

It should be note that Term Life Insurance can be used in a debtor-creditor scenario. A creditor may decide to insure the life of his debtor for a period over which the debt repayment is expected to be completed, so that if the debtor dies within this period, the creditor (being the policy-holder) gets paid by the insurance company for the sum assured).

Endowment Life Insurance

In Endowment Life Insurance, the life of the policy holder is insured for a specific period of time (say, 30 years) and if the person insured is still alive after the policy has timed out, the insurance company pays the policy-holder the sum assured. However, if the person assured dies within the “time specified” the insurance company pays the beneficiary.

For example, Mr. Adam took an Endowment Life Insurance for 35 years when he was 25 years of age. If Mr. Adam is lucky to attain the age of 60 (i.e. 25 + 35), the insurance company will pay the policy-holder (i.e. whoever is paying the premium, probably Mr. Adam if he is the one paying the premium) the sum assured. However, if Mr. Adam dies at the age of 59 years before completing the assured time of 35 years, his sum assured will be paid to his beneficiary (i.e. policy-holder). In case of death, the sum assured is paid at the age which Mr. Adam dies.

What Influences Your Car Insurance Premiums?

It is a given fact that knowing the details is certainly advantageous for individuals who are entering into different types of transactions. This is also the case when it comes to car insurance. Since the amount of premiums significantly affect the cash flows of policyholders, identifying the factors that affect car insurance premiums is absolutely useful in decision making.

Car insurance premiums are affected by inherent characteristics that policyholders cannot totally adjust according to their preferences. This includes the age, gender and marital status of the policyholders. Insurance companies maintain varying premium differentials that are appropriate to these groups according to various studies that were conducted. As per the age factor, drivers who are younger than twenty five years old and above sixty years old are revealed to be more susceptible to vehicular accidents. As a result, insurance premium rates for individuals in these age groups are typically higher.

When it comes to gender, women are considered to be statistically careful drivers compared to men. This is the reason why female policyholders shell out less premium expense compared to the male ones. Individuals who are married also are given lower premium quotes as compared to single individuals.

There are also factors that are entirely controllable and can be the result of the actions and decisions of the policyholders. This includes the type of vehicle, driving style and record, credit rating, professional responsibilities, profession, mileage counts and car safety features.

Insurance companies tend to increase the premium rates for high-end automobiles that are categorized as high-performance, sports cars, rear-engine models and intermediate performance. It can be formulated that more expensive cars commands higher insurance premiums. This is due to the fact that these car types have more expensive spare parts and is more susceptible to theft.

Driving styles and record also play an important role in car insurance premiums. Insurance companies investigate and examine the driving profiles of their policyholders in order to correspond with the insurance premium offers. People who have traffic violations and accidents in their driving records tend to have higher premiums. Credit rating also has an impact to the amount of car insurance premiums. Insurance assumes that individuals who do not possess good credit rating are financially negligent and this can be manifested in their driving style as well.

The profession of the policyholder also has an effect in the insurance premium rate. Statistically, there has been an observed correlation between risk and occupation of policyholders. If the occupation requires long distance travel or travel in accident-prone locations, the premium rate charges are higher. Premium rates are cheaper for policyholders who work in the office or urban institutions.

Low annual miles driven by the policyholders also reduce the probability of being in a vehicular collision which in turn, results to lower premiums. Vehicles which are intended for business purposes also have lower insurance rates as compared to vehicles that are operated for commuting purposes.

Lastly, car features can also have influence in the rate of the insurance premiums. A vehicle which has safety features and theft prevention gadgets installed in it also cuts the insurance premiums. These features include airbags, anti-lock brakes, chassis quality, tracking devices and burglar alarms.

How To Choose The Most Desirable And Cheapest Life Insurance Plans

Finding the cheapest life insurance policy is an important consideration in these times of economic uncertainty. If you have children or other dependents you should not think about foregoing a policy as should the worst happen your family may be left with no financial means to support themselves.

There are in fact a number of different options that you could explore when checking out the type of policies that are available. For example there are term premiums that would offer a lump sum to the beneficiaries if you were to leave this mortal coil before a certain amount of time has elapsed. Another option is the whole life plans that can guarantee financial security to your dependents no matter what age you reach.

When exploring the various options you will discover that today there are in fact a huge number of providers who you could sign up with. You will need to make certain that the option you can pick is affordable yet still offers the type of security you would expect from a life insurance plan.

The issue with locating what can be termed a cheap plan is that it should still offer a suitable payout when time dictates. If you are the type of individual that usually seeks out an insurance company that is known to you, the chance of getting a good deal may be lessened. The best option would be to find a company that gives the best policy for your budget and which offers the kind of features that you desire.

Before you put your signature on any contract you should do a background check into the insurer in question. There are many ways this can be done. One option is to contact the Better Business Bureau to find out whether any complaints have been made against the insurer. If there is a long list of unhappy customers you should take your business elsewhere.

The internet has dramatically altered the amount of effort and time that is required when searching for cheapest life insurance plans. You can log on to third party websites that can provide information relating to the best plans and deals that are currently available. When considering all the options it is vital that you provide accurate information as if you do not the policy you sign up for may not be as desirable when it comes to being cashed in and by then it will be too late to make changes.

Lower Your Car Insurance Premium By Following A Few Tips

Saving money on car insurance premiums would seem to be ideal in these hard times. Competition has affected the auto insurance market too and the insurance companies are offering ways to make your insurance cheaper to stay ahead. Make the most of it along with making a few marked changes so that you do not end up paying high premiums.

Look around for good insurance quotes: All companies do not charge the same premiums so it would be a good idea to shop around and find companies offering you insurance at lower premiums by way of discounts and after estimating your risk factors. Browse online too and look for good discounts being offered.

A Driver’s Education Course would help: This course is usually a day long and costs about $100. This course will actually teach you how to lower your car insurance premiums. The money you pay for the course will be substantiated in a big way by the huge savings you will make.

Safety features lower premiums: Adding safety features to your existing vehicle will also ensure that premiums are less. Features like good anti-lock brakes, electronic seat belts and air bags on either side would be considered to be safety features by the insurance company and they will reduce the premiums charged. This is a ‘win-win’ situation as adding these will mean more safety for you in case of an accident.

Increase your credit course: Your car insurance premiums are based on your credit ratings. When you increase your credit rating make sure to let your insurance provider know and negotiate a lower rate based on this.

Make your car burglar-proof: If you add anti-theft devices like an alarm, or others that can make your car more secure, insurance companies will consider giving you lower rates. So, you pay less plus make your car more secure.

Fuel efficient cars save on insurance: Cars that are fuel efficient or hybrid are environment friendly and hence cost less when it comes to car insurance premiums. This will also save your monthly expenditure on fuel.

Club all insurance amounts: If you own other vehicles, another car, two-wheeler, homeowners, renters or life insurance, calculate your savings if you purchase insurance from the same company. Chances are they will give you a good deal.

Avoid buying fancy cars or sports cars: If you want to slash the payment made for car insurance, then avoid buying flashy models or sports models. These car models are attached to high insurance premiums that go well above the budget. In fact it would be a good idea to consult your provider about the insurance premium before you buy a new model of car.

If high car insurance premiums on your vehicle are going above your budget, then try the above mentioned ways to bring them down. It may require you to spend further but will save money in the long run. The further spending makes you safer on the road so you are actually paying to stay safe. Car insurance is necessary, but should not cost you the earth.

Financial Planning Made Easy With Life Insurance Plans

Presently life insurance policies are not just restricted to offering financial benefits on the death of the policy holders to his near and dear ones. The life insurance plans currently offered by providers have many other benefits attached to them; long term saving plans being the most attractive one. Below mentioned are the different types of life coverage plans and the extra benefits they come with.

Child Plans: A hugely popular life insurance product is child plans. Such plans are designed keeping in mind the needs of children that parents would not want to compromise on. All parents think about buying a policy for their children, when they choose a child plan it serves more than one purpose. Such a plan will act like a mediclaim as well as a savings option for your child. The returns are guaranteed at the maturity period which then can be used for shaping the future of your child.

Retirement plans: To make post retirement period financially independent for individuals are retirement plans. These plans offer life coverage and on the other hand help policy holders plan their retirement well in advance. The maturities of such policies are when the policy holder reaches his retirement age. This way the policy holder is assured of receiving a good amount at his retirement and can enjoy the benefit. Thus such a policy will assure its holders a worry-free post retirement life minus any dependency on others and cost cutting.

Growth plans: For people who want to make the most of their investments and wish to play safe too are growth plans. Growth plans offer flexibility to the policy holders in terms of money investment, policy tenure, premium payments etc. The premiums paid for such a policy are then invested in the capital markets and the profits earned are shared with the policy buyers. The investments are done wisely keeping in mind the volatility of the markets and keeping the hard earned money of individuals safe. The basic life coverage is also included in these plans. For people who wish to invest in the capital markets and earn extra income, growth plans are the apt option.

Saving plans: Everyone wishes to save money to fulfill needs he/she may encounter at a later stage in life, savings plans are just right for such purposes. In such plans the premiums are to be paid at regular intervals by the policy holders and the up to a certain period of time and during the maturity period a lump sum amount with the interest earned is handed over to him. Saving based life insurance plans give the policy holders the benefit of life coverage and also the scope of accumulating finances for future.

The scope of life insurance plans has thus broadened giving policy holders more than what they have opted for. Funding child’s education or marriage, retirement planning, earning extra money through capital market investments; all this and a lot more can be done in a systematic manner if you choose a reliable life insurance plan and provider.

Over 50’s Life Insurance Plans Good Value?

One of the most popular life insurance plans currently advertised in the press and on televisions are the over 50’s plans or you might sometimes hear them called funeral plans and advertised with the aim of covering the funeral costs on death.

Typically these policies offer a free welcome gift like shopping vouchers when you sign up as a way of encouraging the potential customer to apply and have no requirement for any medicals or medical questionnaires and if you die after one or 2 years depending on the insurer you will get paid on your death the amount your policy is for.

But there is a cost for this, as using the figures for one of the UK’s leading life insurers a 55 year old non smoker taking out an over 50’s life insurance policy paying £6 per month would receive life cover of £1131 life cover. This is where it gets interesting as the same company offers a non over 50’s life plan and the same 55 year old non smoker taking out a life plan over 30 years and paying the same £6 per month would receive £6436 life cover or almost 570% more cover for the same monthly payment!

So if you are in good health it is possible for the same monthly payment your loved ones could receive an extra £5,005 on your death.($8088)

Before jumping to the conclusion that they are not good value for money though a few of things need to be considered.

  1. The over 50’s plan does not require a medical and if you are not in good physical health it is possible you might fail the medical so the over 50’s version might be the only option available to you, and regardless of the state of your health your loved ones will get the money if you outlive the qualifying period.
  2. The over 50’s version continues until the age of 90 and then cover continues for free (If you are lucky enough to live that long it means you have paid out £2,520 premiums but will only receive back £1131)
  3. The under 50’s version stops at 85 so if you die after this date the premiums you have paid will be lost as you will no longer have cover.

So if you are looking for life insurance shop around and consider your options carefully as just because a plan is advertised very heavily on television and in the press does not mean that it is offering good value. The point of all life cover is to provide cash for your loved ones or dependents on your death and the more cover you can get for the same monthly premium the better.