How an Insurance Policy Works

Insurance is synonymous to a lot of people sharing risks of losses expected from a supposed accident. Here, the costs of the losses will be borne by all the insurers.

For example, if Mr. Adam buys a new car and wishes to insure the vehicle against any expected accidents. He will buy an insurance policy from an insurance company through an insurance agent or insurance broker by paying a specific amount of money, called premium, to the insurance company.

The moment Mr. Adam pay the premium, the insurer (i.e. the insurance company) issue an insurance policy, or contract paper, to him. In this policy, the insurer analyses how it will pay for all or part of the damages/losses that may occur on Mr. Adam’s car.

However, just as Mr. Adam is able to buy an insurance policy and is paying to his insurer, a lot of other people in thousands are also doing the same thing. Any one of these people who are insured by the insurer is referred to as insured. Normally, most of these people will never have any form of accidents and hence there will be no need for the insurer to pay them any form of compensation.

If Mr. Adam and a very few other people has any form of accidents/losses, the insurer will pay them based on their policy.

It should be noted that the entire premiums paid by these thousands of insured is so much more than the compensations to the damages/losses incurred by some few insured. Hence, the huge left-over money (from the premiums collected after paying the compensations) is utilized by the insurer as follows:

1. Some are kept as a cash reservoir.

2. Some are used as investments for more profit.

3. Some are used as operating expenses in form of rent, supplies, salaries, staff welfare etc.

4. Some are lent out to banks as fixed deposits for more profit etc. etc.

Apart from the vehicle insurance taken by Mr. Adam on his new vehicle, he can also decide to insure himself. This one is extremely different because it involves a human life and is thus termed Life Insurance or Assurance.

Life insurance (or assurance) is the insurance against against certainty or something that is certain to happen such as death, rather than something that might happen such as loss of or damage to property.

The issue of life insurance is a paramount one because it concerns the security of human life and business. Life insurance offers real protection for your business and it also provides some sot of motivation for any skilled employees who decides to to join your organization.

Life insurance insures the life of the policy holder and pays a benefit to the beneficiary. This beneficiary can be your business in the case of a key employee, partner, or co-owner. In some cases, the beneficiary may be one’s next of kin or a near or distant relation. The beneficiary is not limited to one person; it depends on the policy holder.

Life insurance policies exist in three forms:

• Whole life insurance

• Term Insurance

• Endowment insurance

Whole Life Insurance

In Whole Life Insurance (or Whole Assurance), the insurance company pays an agreed sum of money (i.e. sum assured) upon the death of the person whose life is insured. As against the logic of term life insurance, Whole Life Insurance is valid and it continues in existence as long as the premiums of the policy holders are paid.

When a person express his wish in taking a Whole Life Insurance, the insurer will look at the person’s current age and health status and use this data to reviews longevity charts which predict the person’s life duration/life-span. The insurer then present a monthly/quarterly/bi-annual/annual level premium. This premium to be paid depends on a person’s present age: the younger the person the higher the premium and the older the person the lower the premium. However, the extreme high premium being paid by a younger person will reduce gradually relatively with age over the course of many years.

In case you are planning a life insurance, the insurer is in the best position to advise you on the type you should take. Whole life insurance exists in three varieties, as follow: variable life, universal life, and variable-universal life; and these are very good options for your employees to consider or in your personal financial plan.

Term Insurance

In Term Insurance, the life of the policy-holder is insured for a specific period of time and if the person dies within the period the insurance company pays the beneficiary. Otherwise, if the policy-holder lives longer than the period of time stated in the policy, the policy is no longer valid. In a simple word, if death does not occur within stipulated period, the policy-holder receives nothing.

For example, Mr. Adam takes a life policy for a period of not later than the age of 60. If Mr. Adam dies within the age of less than 60 years, the insurance company will pay the sum assured. If Mr. Adam’s death does not occur within the stated period in the life policy (i.e. Mr. Adam lives up to 61 years and above), the insurance company pays nothing no matter the premiums paid over the term of the policy.

Term assurance will pay the policy holder only if death occurs during the “term” of the policy, which can be up to 30 years. Beyond the “term”, the policy is null and void (i.e. worthless). Term life insurance policies are basically of two types:

o Level term: In this one, the death benefit remains constant throughout the duration of the policy.

o Decreasing term: Here, the death benefit decreases as the course of the policy’s term progresses.

It should be note that Term Life Insurance can be used in a debtor-creditor scenario. A creditor may decide to insure the life of his debtor for a period over which the debt repayment is expected to be completed, so that if the debtor dies within this period, the creditor (being the policy-holder) gets paid by the insurance company for the sum assured).

Endowment Life Insurance

In Endowment Life Insurance, the life of the policy holder is insured for a specific period of time (say, 30 years) and if the person insured is still alive after the policy has timed out, the insurance company pays the policy-holder the sum assured. However, if the person assured dies within the “time specified” the insurance company pays the beneficiary.

For example, Mr. Adam took an Endowment Life Insurance for 35 years when he was 25 years of age. If Mr. Adam is lucky to attain the age of 60 (i.e. 25 + 35), the insurance company will pay the policy-holder (i.e. whoever is paying the premium, probably Mr. Adam if he is the one paying the premium) the sum assured. However, if Mr. Adam dies at the age of 59 years before completing the assured time of 35 years, his sum assured will be paid to his beneficiary (i.e. policy-holder). In case of death, the sum assured is paid at the age which Mr. Adam dies.

What Influences Your Car Insurance Premiums?

It is a given fact that knowing the details is certainly advantageous for individuals who are entering into different types of transactions. This is also the case when it comes to car insurance. Since the amount of premiums significantly affect the cash flows of policyholders, identifying the factors that affect car insurance premiums is absolutely useful in decision making.

Car insurance premiums are affected by inherent characteristics that policyholders cannot totally adjust according to their preferences. This includes the age, gender and marital status of the policyholders. Insurance companies maintain varying premium differentials that are appropriate to these groups according to various studies that were conducted. As per the age factor, drivers who are younger than twenty five years old and above sixty years old are revealed to be more susceptible to vehicular accidents. As a result, insurance premium rates for individuals in these age groups are typically higher.

When it comes to gender, women are considered to be statistically careful drivers compared to men. This is the reason why female policyholders shell out less premium expense compared to the male ones. Individuals who are married also are given lower premium quotes as compared to single individuals.

There are also factors that are entirely controllable and can be the result of the actions and decisions of the policyholders. This includes the type of vehicle, driving style and record, credit rating, professional responsibilities, profession, mileage counts and car safety features.

Insurance companies tend to increase the premium rates for high-end automobiles that are categorized as high-performance, sports cars, rear-engine models and intermediate performance. It can be formulated that more expensive cars commands higher insurance premiums. This is due to the fact that these car types have more expensive spare parts and is more susceptible to theft.

Driving styles and record also play an important role in car insurance premiums. Insurance companies investigate and examine the driving profiles of their policyholders in order to correspond with the insurance premium offers. People who have traffic violations and accidents in their driving records tend to have higher premiums. Credit rating also has an impact to the amount of car insurance premiums. Insurance assumes that individuals who do not possess good credit rating are financially negligent and this can be manifested in their driving style as well.

The profession of the policyholder also has an effect in the insurance premium rate. Statistically, there has been an observed correlation between risk and occupation of policyholders. If the occupation requires long distance travel or travel in accident-prone locations, the premium rate charges are higher. Premium rates are cheaper for policyholders who work in the office or urban institutions.

Low annual miles driven by the policyholders also reduce the probability of being in a vehicular collision which in turn, results to lower premiums. Vehicles which are intended for business purposes also have lower insurance rates as compared to vehicles that are operated for commuting purposes.

Lastly, car features can also have influence in the rate of the insurance premiums. A vehicle which has safety features and theft prevention gadgets installed in it also cuts the insurance premiums. These features include airbags, anti-lock brakes, chassis quality, tracking devices and burglar alarms.

How To Choose The Most Desirable And Cheapest Life Insurance Plans

Finding the cheapest life insurance policy is an important consideration in these times of economic uncertainty. If you have children or other dependents you should not think about foregoing a policy as should the worst happen your family may be left with no financial means to support themselves.

There are in fact a number of different options that you could explore when checking out the type of policies that are available. For example there are term premiums that would offer a lump sum to the beneficiaries if you were to leave this mortal coil before a certain amount of time has elapsed. Another option is the whole life plans that can guarantee financial security to your dependents no matter what age you reach.

When exploring the various options you will discover that today there are in fact a huge number of providers who you could sign up with. You will need to make certain that the option you can pick is affordable yet still offers the type of security you would expect from a life insurance plan.

The issue with locating what can be termed a cheap plan is that it should still offer a suitable payout when time dictates. If you are the type of individual that usually seeks out an insurance company that is known to you, the chance of getting a good deal may be lessened. The best option would be to find a company that gives the best policy for your budget and which offers the kind of features that you desire.

Before you put your signature on any contract you should do a background check into the insurer in question. There are many ways this can be done. One option is to contact the Better Business Bureau to find out whether any complaints have been made against the insurer. If there is a long list of unhappy customers you should take your business elsewhere.

The internet has dramatically altered the amount of effort and time that is required when searching for cheapest life insurance plans. You can log on to third party websites that can provide information relating to the best plans and deals that are currently available. When considering all the options it is vital that you provide accurate information as if you do not the policy you sign up for may not be as desirable when it comes to being cashed in and by then it will be too late to make changes.

Lower Your Car Insurance Premium By Following A Few Tips

Saving money on car insurance premiums would seem to be ideal in these hard times. Competition has affected the auto insurance market too and the insurance companies are offering ways to make your insurance cheaper to stay ahead. Make the most of it along with making a few marked changes so that you do not end up paying high premiums.

Look around for good insurance quotes: All companies do not charge the same premiums so it would be a good idea to shop around and find companies offering you insurance at lower premiums by way of discounts and after estimating your risk factors. Browse online too and look for good discounts being offered.

A Driver’s Education Course would help: This course is usually a day long and costs about $100. This course will actually teach you how to lower your car insurance premiums. The money you pay for the course will be substantiated in a big way by the huge savings you will make.

Safety features lower premiums: Adding safety features to your existing vehicle will also ensure that premiums are less. Features like good anti-lock brakes, electronic seat belts and air bags on either side would be considered to be safety features by the insurance company and they will reduce the premiums charged. This is a ‘win-win’ situation as adding these will mean more safety for you in case of an accident.

Increase your credit course: Your car insurance premiums are based on your credit ratings. When you increase your credit rating make sure to let your insurance provider know and negotiate a lower rate based on this.

Make your car burglar-proof: If you add anti-theft devices like an alarm, or others that can make your car more secure, insurance companies will consider giving you lower rates. So, you pay less plus make your car more secure.

Fuel efficient cars save on insurance: Cars that are fuel efficient or hybrid are environment friendly and hence cost less when it comes to car insurance premiums. This will also save your monthly expenditure on fuel.

Club all insurance amounts: If you own other vehicles, another car, two-wheeler, homeowners, renters or life insurance, calculate your savings if you purchase insurance from the same company. Chances are they will give you a good deal.

Avoid buying fancy cars or sports cars: If you want to slash the payment made for car insurance, then avoid buying flashy models or sports models. These car models are attached to high insurance premiums that go well above the budget. In fact it would be a good idea to consult your provider about the insurance premium before you buy a new model of car.

If high car insurance premiums on your vehicle are going above your budget, then try the above mentioned ways to bring them down. It may require you to spend further but will save money in the long run. The further spending makes you safer on the road so you are actually paying to stay safe. Car insurance is necessary, but should not cost you the earth.

Financial Planning Made Easy With Life Insurance Plans

Presently life insurance policies are not just restricted to offering financial benefits on the death of the policy holders to his near and dear ones. The life insurance plans currently offered by providers have many other benefits attached to them; long term saving plans being the most attractive one. Below mentioned are the different types of life coverage plans and the extra benefits they come with.

Child Plans: A hugely popular life insurance product is child plans. Such plans are designed keeping in mind the needs of children that parents would not want to compromise on. All parents think about buying a policy for their children, when they choose a child plan it serves more than one purpose. Such a plan will act like a mediclaim as well as a savings option for your child. The returns are guaranteed at the maturity period which then can be used for shaping the future of your child.

Retirement plans: To make post retirement period financially independent for individuals are retirement plans. These plans offer life coverage and on the other hand help policy holders plan their retirement well in advance. The maturities of such policies are when the policy holder reaches his retirement age. This way the policy holder is assured of receiving a good amount at his retirement and can enjoy the benefit. Thus such a policy will assure its holders a worry-free post retirement life minus any dependency on others and cost cutting.

Growth plans: For people who want to make the most of their investments and wish to play safe too are growth plans. Growth plans offer flexibility to the policy holders in terms of money investment, policy tenure, premium payments etc. The premiums paid for such a policy are then invested in the capital markets and the profits earned are shared with the policy buyers. The investments are done wisely keeping in mind the volatility of the markets and keeping the hard earned money of individuals safe. The basic life coverage is also included in these plans. For people who wish to invest in the capital markets and earn extra income, growth plans are the apt option.

Saving plans: Everyone wishes to save money to fulfill needs he/she may encounter at a later stage in life, savings plans are just right for such purposes. In such plans the premiums are to be paid at regular intervals by the policy holders and the up to a certain period of time and during the maturity period a lump sum amount with the interest earned is handed over to him. Saving based life insurance plans give the policy holders the benefit of life coverage and also the scope of accumulating finances for future.

The scope of life insurance plans has thus broadened giving policy holders more than what they have opted for. Funding child’s education or marriage, retirement planning, earning extra money through capital market investments; all this and a lot more can be done in a systematic manner if you choose a reliable life insurance plan and provider.

Over 50’s Life Insurance Plans Good Value?

One of the most popular life insurance plans currently advertised in the press and on televisions are the over 50’s plans or you might sometimes hear them called funeral plans and advertised with the aim of covering the funeral costs on death.

Typically these policies offer a free welcome gift like shopping vouchers when you sign up as a way of encouraging the potential customer to apply and have no requirement for any medicals or medical questionnaires and if you die after one or 2 years depending on the insurer you will get paid on your death the amount your policy is for.

But there is a cost for this, as using the figures for one of the UK’s leading life insurers a 55 year old non smoker taking out an over 50’s life insurance policy paying £6 per month would receive life cover of £1131 life cover. This is where it gets interesting as the same company offers a non over 50’s life plan and the same 55 year old non smoker taking out a life plan over 30 years and paying the same £6 per month would receive £6436 life cover or almost 570% more cover for the same monthly payment!

So if you are in good health it is possible for the same monthly payment your loved ones could receive an extra £5,005 on your death.($8088)

Before jumping to the conclusion that they are not good value for money though a few of things need to be considered.

  1. The over 50’s plan does not require a medical and if you are not in good physical health it is possible you might fail the medical so the over 50’s version might be the only option available to you, and regardless of the state of your health your loved ones will get the money if you outlive the qualifying period.
  2. The over 50’s version continues until the age of 90 and then cover continues for free (If you are lucky enough to live that long it means you have paid out £2,520 premiums but will only receive back £1131)
  3. The under 50’s version stops at 85 so if you die after this date the premiums you have paid will be lost as you will no longer have cover.

So if you are looking for life insurance shop around and consider your options carefully as just because a plan is advertised very heavily on television and in the press does not mean that it is offering good value. The point of all life cover is to provide cash for your loved ones or dependents on your death and the more cover you can get for the same monthly premium the better.

Choosing a Good Term Life Insurance Plan

Everybody needs insurance, and now-a-days, it seems as though the best bang for your buck is a term life insurance plan from a reputable company. As you know, when a person dies there are a number of expenses that must be taken care of, and if you don’t have some type of insurance in place,your family is going to have to take care of those expenses on their own!

Also, if you should die before you “earn enough money” to set-aside for your family, they might not have any money, and they’ll have to figure out a way to fend for themselves. And I don’t think that is a position that you would want your loved ones in.

No one wants to know that their family isn’t going to be provided for, so everyone knows it is important to have a life policy. However, you have to buy the right type of life insurance that will work for your particular situation and your needs.

More and more people are rejecting whole life policies these days and are leaning towards A term Iife insurance plan for reasons that just make sense for them. One of the main reasons people choose term life is because a term life insurance plan is a pure death benefit, its main function is to provide coverage of financial responsibilities for the insured.

It includes such responsibilities as personal, consumer debt; college education for dependents; and mortgage payments. A good term life insurance plan is chosen more often over a whole life plan simply because it’s so darn inexpensive! There are many affordable plans on the market that are touted by some of the highest rated major carriers in the industry. Just ask for as many quotes as you can stand perusing and start your quest today.

Life Insurance Plans – Know Your Options

Shopping for a life insurance plan is not such as easy task. There are many different angles to look at and points to consider and once having signed the contract, it is not a very easy to break. That is why it is vital to look at all the facts and figures before making a decision.

One of the items that you will have to consider is the length of the term that you want to buy into. There are different time spans such as five year, ten year, fifteen or even twenty year plans, or of course there are those than aren’t terminated until death. Depending on your age and purpose you will need to find out the best route for you.

There is also the choice of having a permanent or temporary life insurance policy. Temporary in this case does not necessarily mean short term but in fact these can last for upwards to thirty years. This just means that they are fixed rate, and many of them are cheaper as opposed to the more expensive and perhaps fluctuating permanent policies.

The other options of course vary according to what you would like to have included in these policies. The more you have included, the higher the monthly payment will be but this does tend to pay off in the future if any unexpected event should occur. However, this does not mean that you should pay for things that you definitely will not have any use for, such as business coverage if there is no chance for a business in sight.

These are just a few items to look at. If you are interested in these policies then ask an agent – they will be happy to answer your questions.

What Is A Buy/Sell Redemption Life Insurance Plan?

In today’s fast-paced and very busy lifestyle, one might be able to overlook insurance planning simply because there are other things that are more important. These other things that you are focused on make insurance seem like a not-so-important priority. Of course, family, work and necessities are your main concern. A little leisure for yourself and the whole bunch doesn’t hurt either. Insurance plans are often neglected by many people who think that they don’t need it. Oftentimes, they come up with excuses and come to their senses when it’s too late. At some point in your life, you will realize that insurance planning is a very important part of security. Insurance plans may also be used to fund a buy/sell redemption plan.

If you have an insurance plan, you might want to consider using it to fund a Buy/Sell Redemption Plan. It is just similar to trying to acquire and vend a cross procure plan really. You are actually making use of the earnings from your life indemnity to a subsidized plan to make some alterations of rights with a corporation, member or partnership. Think about buy and sell cross purchase plans. It would sure help to provide you with money to be able to fund the plan. The prices are determined once both parties agree on buying and selling their business interests. It’s quite hard to understand at first but there are a lot of people that can help you with that.

These purchase and trade emancipation plans toil like magic. It is quite a lot to take at first but, if you understand it fully, then you will see the beauty of it. Corporations or business owners are usually the first ones to kick off a purchase and trade redemption agreement through their attorneys and financial team consisting of some accountants and planners. Insurance policies are what the business needs to obtain through purchasing life insurance policies from individual owners. The business in turn, would receive tax free profits. The income or money comes from the bereavement assistance takings of the dead owners.

There are some advantages and some disadvantages of using these life insurance policies. Like in any business, there are some pros to it and there are some risks as well.

Advantages

  • Lump sums are created by life insurance to fund the buy/sell redemption agreement at death.
  • Life insurance proceeds are payable immediately after death. These transactions are settled quickly.
  • The life insurance proceeds are tax-free.

There are two sides to every story. Buy/sell redemption plans also has some downsides to it. These need to be taken into consideration as well. It is important that you understand how it works and understand it fully before you consider utilizing life insurance policies to fund any buy/sell redemption plans.

Disadvantages

  • Life insurance plans are not part of the tax deductible expenses of the company.
  • Premiums requirements are an ongoing expense.
  • More insurance are necessary to cover up the bigger rights interests if the proportion differ broadly. This would pilot to a high quality costs for owners who have lesser ownership interests.

Your trusty life insurance agent can help you about the signs that tell you if you should pull the trigger on the purchase and sell agreement. The mediator would be a great asset in setting up the life insurance part of the deal. They can also help you in going over the premiums and how they should be settled. Your attorney, financial team and beloved insurance agent can help you get the transaction in your good turn. You should be able to get the value of business on its potential value in the future as well as its present stage. It is noteworthy since your indemnity coverage should match the merit of your ownership interests. You should clear this up with the company on how they address any valuation differences. If you die before you retire, the amount of funds from the rule proceeds or part ways to pay your estates in full as your share of the company. However, if it isn’t affordable at the moment, it is best to give out as much as you can. The difference can be settled by increasing the insurance’s amount. Another option would be to use some additional methods in financing. In situations like these, you have to clarify how your family or estates are going to settle the amount since it is required to pay in full for your component of the trade.

What are Typical Life Insurance Premiums?

Life insurance is all about risk management. When setting the typical life insurance premiums, insurance companies take important precautions, to ensure that their policyholders do not die prematurely. Therefore, this is the reason why life insurance premiums cost as much as they do.

To account for health risks such as diabetes, blood pressure and other diseases, insurers allocate the status (using the title such as standard or preferred) depending on the health, gender and age of applicants. This determines the typical life insurance premiums that the policyholder has to pay for a particular form of life coverage.

Now, to determine the status and health and to decide the premium amount, the insurer will verify the medical history of the family, the lifestyle of individual and other such factors. Most likely, it will require the person to undergo a physical examination. Hence, it is important for the policyholders to remain truthful, while they fill their health questionnaire.

If a policyholder furnishes wrong information, an insurance company not only stops the payments of typical life insurance premiums, but also nullifies the entire policy. And you wouldn’t want that.

For instance, if the policyholder mentions, that he is a non-smoker, but ends up dying with lung cancer, there are high chances that the insurer may deny any health benefits to the beneficiaries of the policy.

However, certain risk factors are beyond the control of a person. This includes age or gender. Since women have a higher life expectancy as compared to men, they have to pay lower premiums on their insurance.

Conversely, since men have shorter life spans, they much higher premiums for their coverage. Even the age of a person, has its effect on the insurance premium. For instance, young people have to pay lower premiums for a longer period, as compared older people especially men.

More About Typical Life Insurance Premiums:

Each insurer has its own typical life premiums that it charges. In a case, where a person suffers from a risk factor, it is better, to alert the agent about the problem when it comes to buying the policy itself.

Risk factors are controllable and the policyholder can seek a doctor’s help for that purpose. Hence, it is important to eliminate the risk factors. For example, stop smoking, control alcohol intake, reducing body weight, and maintain healthy lifestyle, etc. are all good ideas.

Insurance agents know that insurance companies, charge higher premium amounts to those people, who suffer from such risk factors. Hence, such agents may suggest some other insurance companies to an individual, which grants low premium policies in spite of these risk factors. In that case, a person needs to verify the credibility of that company before making any decision.

Steps for Lower Life Insurance Premiums:

Now, after acquiring the life insurance policy, if people improve their health substantially, it is important to alert the insurance firms, to lower the premium amount. Insurance agencies then conduct another complete medical check up of the individual and lower the premium amount.

Thus, people need to consider all these factors, if they want to reduce the amount of typical life insurance premiums. You can see how much you might pay with a free life insurance quote which you can get by using the following resources.